Oral pathology refers to any disease that develops inside the mouth, salivary glands, or jaws. Many types of oral pathology are benign (non-cancerous), but patients should pursue early evaluation and proper treatment of any oral irregularities as our mouths are especially vulnerable to infections and disorders.
Because the mouth has such a wide variety of functions and is exposed to many external environmental factors, the mouth is at an increased risk for the development of tumors and infection.
There are numerous oral pathological issues including:
- Strep throat
- Burning mouth syndrome
- Herpes simplex virus, most commonly known as cold sores
- Salivary gland disease
- Oral ulceration
- Some autoimmune diseases
- Oral cancer
It is important that a qualified oral and maxillofacial surgeon examines your mouth if any symptoms are persistent. If you experience any of the following symptoms, an oral surgeon should evaluate you:
- Reddish or whitish patches in the mouth
- A chronic sore throat or hoarseness
- A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily
- Difficulty in chewing or swallowing